by David Manning
Many fly fishing techniques can be difficult to master. Matching a hatch of small mayflies or dead drifting a nymph without an indicator can be very difficult for a beginner succeed at. There are techniques however, that any fly fisherman that can cast 20 or 25 feet of line can easily master. None of these techniques require much in the way of guess work and intuition. They are the easiest, and the best techniques for new fly fisherman.
1. Indicator nymph fishing
Nymph fishing under an indicator is an easy technique that is extremely effective in most situations. To start off with, you should buy some small strike indicators. I personally prefer Lighting Strike Stick-on indicators for their ease of use. They don’t inhibit the cast like larger indicators, and they work well with the smaller nymphs that are so effective on most trout streams. Estimate the depth of the water you are fishing, and put your indicator up your leader a bit less than twice the depth of the water. You want the nymph to bounce along the bottom. Start off with a #16 Gold Ribbed Hare’s Ear, a standard pattern that imitates a wide variety of trout stream nymphs. Cast across and just upstream, and let it drift down until it the line begins to drag your fly. Set the hook gently anytime the indicator pauses, jerks upstream, or goes under. It’s important to set the hook the moment you detect a strike. If you don’t, you will miss more fish than you catch. Many people choose to use big cork indicators and split shot. Avoid this temptation. This will make casting all but impossible, and fish are often put off by the heavy splash of the indicator.
2. The Wet Fly Swing
This is another simple method of fishing sinking flies. This is one of the oldest and most proven fly fishing methods in the history of the sport. For this type of fishing, you will want to forgo the strike indicator, because it inhibits the action you will want to impart on the fly. Rig up with a weighted #12 Woolly Bugger or a #14 Soft Hackle. Cast directly across the stream, and while keeping a tight line at all times, follow the drift of your fly with the tip of your rod. Let the fly drift until it is directly downstream of you. If the water downstream of you is likely to produce a fish, let it hang in that position for a few seconds. Then strip in a few inches of line, and let it drift back downstream. Repeat this motion several times. This back and forth motion tantalizes trout, and I have caught more fish at this point of the drift than any other. If you succeed at keeping the line tight, you will have no trouble feeling the strike.
3. Searching with a Dry Fly
Search fishing with a dry fly is one of the easiest methods of fly fishing. For this kind of fishing, it is important to have a relatively long, light leader (preferably about 11 feet in length, tapering to 6x). Select a generic dry fly. A #14 or #16 Elk Hair Caddis, Parachute Adams, or Royal Wullf are all good choices. Cast up and across stream, letting the fly drift naturally, mending when necessary. This method will work best in relatively placid pools. You can often catch fish this way even when trout aren’t already rising.
4. Sight Fishing
Sight fishing is yet another good method for beginning fly fisherman. This is actually a great way to learn about fly fishing. You can see if you’re offering is not coming close enough to the fish or if they are seeing it. Find a pod of fish and try different flies and methods until you catch fish or spook the pool. Sight fishing doesn’t work on all waters. If the water is choppy and fast, you won’t be able to see the fish. Likewise, if the fish are easily spooked, it will be difficult to come within sight of the fish. The best waters for sight fishing include streams where the trout are used to people-heavily stocked waters being a prime example.
This is a term I came up with myself for a successful, innovative, and extremely simple method to take trout. Walk up the stream until you see a nice deep pool and good distance upstream. Then head to the bank,get on your hands and knees, and sneak up to the hole. Hiding yourself behind streamside vegetation and being careful not to wave your rod over the water, drop a nymph or dry fly down in the water directly below you. Watch the water carefully for a strike, which is especially important if you choose to use a nymph. It is important to use a fairly heavy leader for this tactic, because you will have to hoist the fish up from the stream. In that situation, even a small trout will break your flimsy 7x tippet. This is the single best way to sneak up on wary trout in low water situations. It almost never fails to take a few trout in tough situations, and it’s embarrassingly easy.
These five methods are a good start for fly fisherman. Although there are many other effective methods, these are the most simple, and they are often effective. If you think fly fishing is beyond your skill level, give these methods a try.
About Davidson Manning
Davidson Manning is an accomplished amateur freshwater fisherman, both fly-fishing and traditional methods. He has fished waters all over the United States from Alaska to Florida, and from New York to the Southwest. Davidson particularly enjoys trout fishing but spends many days on the water pursuing warm water species as well. The highlights of his fishing endeavors occur on small streams in solitude and away from crowds.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Davidson_Manning